One of the rewards of a successful long-term retirement plan is withdrawing annually at a “safe withdrawal” rate. The rate is generally a rather low percentage of the plan assets in the early years of a retirement, as the plans are designed to last through retirements of 25 years or more. The ideal, in the early years, is to combine a reasonable investment return with a low percentage draw to allow the portfolio to grow. The same percentage withdrawal rate produces a progressively higher dollar amount as the plan assets grow, which will help to offset inflation. As we get older, the withdrawal percentage can be increased. If you have a prudently-diversified portfolio with the appropriate risk level and withdraw at a safe annual rate, your chances of having your retirement dollars last through your lifetime are strong.
But what about unprecedented times like these?
You look at your portfolio and the decline in value may be surprising, even alarming. As investors, we are confident the market and economy will rebound, we just don’t know when. When downturns are short in duration, we often do not need to do anything. But what if the downturn persists for many months? How should you adjust your retirement plan withdrawals? If you have been withdrawing at the safe rate and now your portfolio has declined significantly, withdraw at the same percentage.
What you will find is that the reduction in your monthly draw is not that significant. For example, if you have been withdrawing $4,000 per month from your IRA, your reduction in spendable income would be $272 per month, assuming a 15 percent tax withholding. With most of us now home-bound, unable to spend money as we normally do, the reduction should be easy to handle. Even if the market rebounds slowly, applying the safe withdrawal rate to your portfolio keeps the probability high that your retirement plan will have sufficient funds to see you through the years.
A provision of the CARES Act, the $2 trillion fiscal stimulus legislation, waives the Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) for retirement accounts for 2020. For many investors, the monthly withdrawal from the IRA is an integral part of retirement income. If you choose to reduce your monthly withdrawal as illustrated, you will not have to worry about withdrawing your 2020 RMD, leaving those funds in your account to grow with a market rebound. Further, if you are taking the RMD because you were required to do so, and you have sufficient other income or after-tax investments to draw from, the CARES Act waiver will save you the taxes that would ordinarily be assessed on your RMDs.
Some investors make charitable contributions directly from their IRA as a way to generate tax savings from charitable contributions while still taking the elevated standard deduction as set by the current tax code. Contributing from an IRA as part of the RMD, in effect, guarantees a deduction that otherwise would be lost by paying contributions via a check drawn on your personal bank account, unless you are itemizing deductions. This strategy should still be considered for 2020 even though there is no concern about taking your full RMD.
Your HBKS wealth advisor along with our tax partners at HBK CPAs & Consultants are ready to help you navigate these uniquely challenging times. Contact us at (814) 459-1116; or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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